The Effects of Vegetarian and Vegan Diet during Pregnancy on the Health of Mothers and Offspring.
Nutrients. 2019 Mar 06;11(3):
Authors: Sebastiani G, Herranz Barbero A, Borr?s-Novell C, Alsina Casanova M, Aldecoa-Bilbao V, Andreu-Fern?ndez V, Pascual Tutusaus M, Ferrero Mart?nez S, G?mez Roig MD, Garc?a-Algar O
Vegetarian and vegan diets have increased worldwide in the last decades, according to the knowledge that they might prevent coronary heart disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Althought plant-based diets are at risk of nutritional deficiencies such as proteins, iron, vitamin D, calcium, iodine, omega-3, and vitamin B12, the available evidence shows that well planned vegetarian and vegan diets may be considered safe during pregnancy and lactation, but they require a strong awareness for a balanced intake of key nutrients. A review of the scientific literature in this field was performed, focusing specifically on observational studies in humans, in order to investigate protective effects elicited by maternal diets enriched in plant-derived foods and possible unfavorable outcomes related to micronutrients deficiencies and their impact on fetal development. A design of pregestational nutrition intervention is required in order to avoid maternal undernutrition and consequent impaired fetal growth.
PMID: 30845641 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]