Bone Mineral Density as a Predictor of Atherogenic Indexes of Cardiovascular Disease, Especially in Nonobese Adults.

Icon for Hindawi Limited Icon for PubMed Central Related Articles

Bone Mineral Density as a Predictor of Atherogenic Indexes of Cardiovascular Disease, Especially in Nonobese Adults.

Dis Markers. 2019;2019:1045098

Authors: Chuang TL, Lin JW, Wang YF

Abstract
Purpose: This study is aimed at determining whether bone mineral density (BMD) values are related to atherogenic indexes (AIs) and could predict the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in southern Taiwanese adults.
Methods: Medical records of 3249 adults who underwent health examinations between June 2014 and February 2018 at a regional hospital in southern Taiwan were reviewed. Data collected included health history, anthropomorphic characteristics, exercise habits, diets (vegetarian or nonvegetarian), clinical laboratory results (lipid profile, systemic blood pressure (SBP), glucose level, creatinine (Cre) level, and hemoglobin (Hb) level), and bone mineral density (BMD), which were used to identify the associations of these parameters, especially BMD, with lipid profile and calculated AIs through simple and multiple linear regressions.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 58.0 years, and 71.4% were male. Body mass index (BMI), SBP, glucose level, Cre level, Hb level, and all BMD values were positively correlated with triglyceride (TG) level and AIs and were negatively correlated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level. The significant positive correlations of BMD at all the measured sites with AIs remained after adjusting for age, sex, SBP, glucose level, Cre level, Hb level, smoking, exercise habits, and vegetarian state. The expanded adjusting model for TG/HDL-C remained significant at all the BMD measured sites in nonobese men, at bilateral femoral neck and total hips in nonobese women, and at the bilateral total hips in obese women.
Conclusions: AIs are predictive markers for CVD, and BMD values are predictors of AIs, especially the novel AI, i.e., TG/HDL-C ratio, in nonobese adult men and women after dividing the patients into subgroups to eliminate the effect of BMI as a confounding factor. Thus, BMD values could predict AIs of CVD, especially in nonobese adults.

PMID: 31565096 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Carnitine Inborn Errors of Metabolism.

Related Articles Carnitine Inborn Errors of Metabolism. Molecules. 2019 Sep 06;24(18): Authors: Almannai M, Alfadhel M, El-Hattab AW Abstract Carnitine plays essential roles in intermediary metabolism. In non-vegetarians, most of carnitine sources (~75%) are obtained from diet whereas endogenous synthesis accounts for around 25%. Renal carnitine reabsorption along with dietary intake and endogenous production maintain … Continue reading

Gastronomic Paradigms in Contemporary Western Cuisine: From French Haute Cuisine to Mass Media Gastronomy.

Related Articles Gastronomic Paradigms in Contemporary Western Cuisine: From French Haute Cuisine to Mass Media Gastronomy. Front Nutr. 2019;6:192 Authors: Del Moral RG Abstract Thomas Kuhn brings the concept of “paradigm” as the fundamental engine in the progress of humanity. Kuhn defines paradigms as the set of formal theories, experiments and work methods that define … Continue reading

Interaction of Dietary Linoleic Acid and ?-Linolenic Acids with rs174547 in FADS1 Gene on Metabolic Syndrome Components among Vegetarians.

Related Articles Interaction of Dietary Linoleic Acid and ?-Linolenic Acids with rs174547 in FADS1 Gene on Metabolic Syndrome Components among Vegetarians. Nutrients. 2019 Jul 23;11(7): Authors: Ching YK, Chin YS, Appukutty M, Ramanchadran V, Yu CY, Ang GY, Gan WY, Chan YM, Teh LK, Salleh MZ Abstract Fatty acid desaturase 1 (FADS1) gene controls the … Continue reading

Immediate and 15-Week Correlates of Individual Commitment to a “Green Monday” National Campaign Fostering Weekly Substitution of Meat and Fish by Other Nutrients.

Related Articles Immediate and 15-Week Correlates of Individual Commitment to a “Green Monday” National Campaign Fostering Weekly Substitution of Meat and Fish by Other Nutrients. Nutrients. 2019 Jul 23;11(7): Authors: B?gue L, Treich N Abstract Promoting healthier and more sustainable diets by decreasing meat consumption represents a significant challenge in the Anthropocene epoch. However, data … Continue reading

Consumer Understanding and Culinary Use of Legumes in Australia.

Related Articles Consumer Understanding and Culinary Use of Legumes in Australia. Nutrients. 2019 Jul 12;11(7): Authors: Figueira N, Curtain F, Beck E, Grafenauer S Abstract While health benefits of legume consumption are well documented, intake is well below recommendations in many Western cultures, and little is known regarding culinary use and consumer understanding of these … Continue reading

Life Extension Membership